Origins #1: Creation Versus Evolution
By Chris Jordan
Is there more scientific evidence that supports the Biblical account of creation or the theory of evolution? The Origins series considers this question and more.
It was September 1990, and I had just graduated from high school. I was at an all-nighter drive-in with some of my friends. It was early in the morning, hours before the sun came up when I turned to one of my friends and said, “There has to be more to life than this!” We were living the so-called good life – going to bars, getting drunk, dating girls, and partying – but there was still something missing. There was an emptiness inside of me. That weekend was a catalyst that sent me on a journey to discover how to find lasting satisfaction and fulfillment in life.
Do you ever wonder where we came from? How did we get here? What is our purpose on Planet Earth? What is the meaning of life? What is our destiny? These are some of the questions that we are going to consider in this ‘Origins’ series.
CREATION VERSUS EVOLUTION:
There are two main beliefs about our origins. One is atheistic evolution, and the other is the Biblical account of creation.
By the term atheistic evolution, I mean to combine together three separate yet related beliefs – that of atheism, biological evolution, and the Big Bang Theory. Atheism is simply the belief that there is no God. The Big Bang Theory is the belief that life began billions of years ago by a cosmic accident. This idea believes that a big explosion “led to the formation of the universe, according to the prevailing cosmological theory of the universe’s early development.”1
Evolution is the belief that “all life on Earth shares a common ancestor, just as you and your cousins share a common grandmother. Through the process of descent with modification, the common ancestor of life on Earth gave rise to the fantastic diversity that we see documented in the fossil record and around us today. Evolution means that we’re all distant cousins: humans and oak trees, hummingbirds and whales.”2
This fantastic theory was “first proposed in the nineteenth century by Charles Darwin, according to which the Earth’s species have changed and diversified through time under the influence of natural selection. Life on Earth is thought to have evolved in three stages. First came chemical evolution, in which organic molecules were formed. This was followed by the development of single cells capable of reproducing themselves. This stage led to the development of complex organisms capable of sexual reproduction.”3
The Biblical account of creation on the other hand teaches that we’re not here by chance, and we’re not just some cosmic freak accident. Rather, we are the special and unique creation of a God who made us in His own image, loves us, and has a wonderful plan for our lives. The Bible says, “Long ago, even before he made the world, God loved us and chose us in Christ to be holy and without fault in his eyes. His unchanging plan has always been to adopt us into his own family by bringing us to himself through Jesus Christ. And this gave him great pleasure. So we praise God for the wonderful kindness he has poured out on us because we belong to his dearly loved Son.” (Ephesians 1:4-6, nlt).
What are the ramifications of these two different belief systems?
If we believe in the theory of evolution, then we are only complex animals with no ultimate purpose or meaning in life. If Charles Darwin’s The Origin of Species is correct, that we are just the chance product of natural selection, then we are only slightly more evolved then our near-relative the chimpanzee. If we’re just animals, then it doesn’t matter how we live. If there is no God, then there is no absolute truth, no definitive right or wrong. If that’s what we believe about our past and where we came from, then how does it affect our future? When we die, our final destiny is to become worm-food, rotting in the grave.
However, if we believe in the Biblical account of creation, then we’re not here by accident. If God created this universe, and He created us in His image, then we have intrinsic value and worth. We are special and important. How then does this truth speak to our future? When we die, we have the hope of life after death. Our final destiny is to live forever with God in the paradise of Heaven.
WHAT DOES SCIENCE SAY?
Which of these two positions is more valid from a scientific perspective? Science is defined as: “systematic knowledge of the physical or material world gained through observation and experimentation.”4 Based on this definition, evolution is not science – it is merely a theory, a belief, a guess. There is nothing scientific about either evolution or the big bang. There is no way to go back to the beginning of time to do any kinds of tests or make any observations on what took place there. No one was around to witness The Big Bang taking place, and no experiments have ever been done that have created life from non-living materials. It is a physical impossibility to create life from non-life!
Doctor Ken Ham, President and CEO of Answers in Genesis, illustrates this well in The New Answers Book: “Consider swatting a mosquito. Then think about this question: Why did the mosquito die? You see, the squashed mosquito has all the chemicals for life that an evolutionist could ever hope for in some primordial soup. Yet we know that nothing is going to evolve from this mosquito “soup.” So why did the mosquito die? Because by squashing it, you disorganized it. Once the “machinery” of the mosquito has been destroyed, the organism can no longer exist. At a cellular level, literally thousands of “machines” need to exist before life ever becomes possible. This means that evolution from chemicals is impossible.”5
It is clearly evident, based on the definition of science, that evolution is nothing more than an unsubstantiated theory. Some people would then say, “If evolution isn’t science, because no one was there to observe it, then creation cannot be considered science because no one was there to see it take place!” The one main difference between these two belief systems is this: The evolutionists are limited by science – what they can see and encounter in the physical realm. However, if there is a God, and creation is true, then we have something the evolutionists don’t have: The Bible. The Word of God is a first-hand account of Someone who was there in the beginning, and is therefore an accurate record of the origins of life.
It is so important for us as Christians to understand what the Bible says about creation. This is especially true for parents with children in school who are going to be taught the lie of evolution. The Bible says, “Always be ready to give a defense to everyone who asks you a reason for the hope that is in you.” (1 Peter 3:15). So many believers don’t take the time to learn the truth of God’s Word so that they can give an intelligent answer for their belief in the Biblical account of creation. Some people erroneously think that as Christians, we have to take it on blind faith that God exists. I don’t believe that our faith is totally blind faith. We are living in a universe that is so complex, ordered and designed, that creation itself testifies to the fact that there is a Creator.
CHAOS NEVER PRODUCES ORDER:
How logical is it to believe in The Big Bang? This theory teaches us that billions of years ago there was a giant chaotic explosion that created order. In the history of the world, chaos has never been observed to produce order. This isn’t science! The probability of life arising from non-life, or order arising from chaos is like this: Imagine that you were to walk into your local Canadian Tire store – and let’s assume that within the store there is every part that you would need to build a car – an engine, wheels, a windshield, etc. Now imagine that you were to take a bomb into that store and blow it up. When the dust settles, what would be the chances of finding a fully functioning automobile? “All the parts just randomly came together and created this car, and it’s running, and painted, too!” Of course we laugh at that idea because we know it is a physical impossibility. And yet, these so-called smart evolutionists are telling us that this is how life began? It’s impossible – chaos never produces order!
WHERE THERE’S DESIGN, THERE MUST BE A DESIGNER:
British Christian apologist and philosopher William Paley put forth an excellent teleological argument for the existence of God in 1802. (A teleological argument, or argument from design, is an argument on the existence of God based on perceived evidence of order, purpose, design, or direction in nature. The word “teleological” is derived from the Greek word telos, meaning “end” or “purpose”).6 In his book, Natural Theology, he expounded on his watchmaker argument, which went something like this:
If you were walking through a forest, and were to bang your foot against a boulder, and were asked how the stone came to be there; you might answer that it had always been there. However, if you were to find a watch lying on the boulder, and someone asked how the watch happened to be there, what would your answer be? Would you jump to the conclusion that all of the complex parts in that watch floated together to form the watch by accident? Of course not. When you look at the complexity and design of the watch, no thinking person would come to the conclusion that it was formed by chance. The logical answer would be that where there is a watch, there must of necessity be a watchmaker. You wouldn’t know by looking at the watch who had made it, but logic would dictate that someone had to put the watch together. The same principle applies to the complex, ordered universe that we are living in. Even if you don’t accept the Bible as the Word of God, and you don’t believe in Christianity, any logical, reasonable person examining the evidence would have to conclude that, because of the design, there had to be a designer.
“The heavens tell of the glory of God. The skies display his marvelous craftsmanship.” (Psalm 19:1). When you look at the sky and you see a colorful sunset, or an amazing starry sky, or you walk through nature and admire its beauty, all of creation testifies to the fact that there is a God. This is no cosmic accident.
This is what the Bible means when it says, “From the time the world was created, people have seen the earth and sky and all that God made. They can clearly see his invisible qualities – his eternal power and divine nature. So they have no excuse whatsoever for not knowing God.” (Romans 1:20, nlt). God has placed within every human being the knowledge of Himself. Deep within our hearts, we know that there is a God. However, the Bible tells us what happens to people who choose to reject that knowledge of God: “Yes, they knew God, but they wouldn’t worship him as God or even give him thanks. And they began to think up foolish ideas of what God was like. The result was that their minds became dark and confused. Claiming to be wise, they became utter fools instead.” (Romans 1:21-22, nlt). The Psalmist King David was right when he wrote, “Only fools say in their hearts, “There is no God.” They are corrupt, and their actions are evil; no one does good!” (Psalm 14:1, nlt).
WHERE IS THE MISSING LINK?
One of the tough questions that supporters of evolution cannot answer is this: where is the missing link – the transitional fossil forms between species? Charles Darwin himself said, “Why, if species have descended from other species by fine gradations, do we not everywhere see innumerable transitional forms? Why is not all nature in confusion instead of the species being, as we see them, well defined? … As by this theory innumerable transitional forms must have existed, why do we not find them embedded in countless numbers in the crust of the earth?”7 If evolution is true, that we started out with a simple life form that slowly and gradually evolved into different and more complex life forms, then where are all of the transitional forms? Where is the missing link? If human beings and chimps evolved from a common ancestor, then why don’t we find a half-man, half-monkey in the fossil record?
In his introduction to the 150th anniversary edition of Darwin’s The Origin of Species, Ray Comfort notes, “Darwin acknowledged that the absence of intermediates put his theory in doubt, but he attributed their lack to the scarcity of fossils at that time – and he had faith that they would eventually be found. However, nearly 150 years later, the situation has not improved much. After scientists have searched diligently for a century and a half for evidence, we now have over 100 million fossils catalogued in the world’s museums, covering 250,000 different species, which should be sufficient to give an accurate picture of our past.”8 Where is the proof or evidence for evolution? There is none. Therefore, let us turn to the only true and reliable account of our origins, as recorded in the infallible Word of God.
- The Big Bang, http://www.wikipedia.org. Accessed Nov. 16, 2010.
- “Understanding Evolution: An Introduction to Evolution.” http://evolution.berkeley.edu/evolibrary/article/0_0_0/evo_02.
- “evolution.” The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition. Houghton Mifflin Company, 2005.
- “science.” Dictionary.com Unabridged. Random House, Inc. Accessed Nov. 16, 2010.
- Ken Ham, The New Answers Book. New Leaf Press.
- Teleological Argument, http://www.wikipedia.org. Accessed Nov. 16, 2010.
- Charles Darwin, The Origin of Species.
- Ray Comfort, from the introduction to The 150th Anniversary Edition of Charles Darwin’s The Origin of Species. Bridge Logos. 2009.
This is a sample chapter from The Beausejour Pulpit.
Contact the author of this blog for your free copy of this e-book.